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The world's leading journal for all involved in collaboration between higher education and business

ISSN 0950-4222 (print); 2043-6858 (online)

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Editorial coverage

Industry and Higher Education, published six times per year, is dedicated to the relationships between business and industry and higher education institutions. With a strong emphasis on practical aspects, the journal covers organizational, economic, political, legal, and social issues relating to developments in education-industry collaboration.
Among the key topics are:

  • Knowledge transfer from research to commercial application
  • Educating for entrepreneurship
  • Clusters and the regional economy
  • Preparing students for the world of work
  • International and national initiatives for collaboration
  • Respective needs in the industry–education relationship
  • Lifelong learning
  • University–industry networks
  • University–industry training programmes
  • Business–education partnerships for social and economic progress
  • Skills needs and the role of higher education
  • Formation, structure and performance of academic spin-off companies
  • Personnel exchange
  • Industrial liaison in universities
  • Intellectual property in the HE sector
  • Distance education

Submissions - Notes for authors

Please send submissions by e-mail to John Edmondson, Industry and Higher Education, IP Publishing Ltd, 4th Floor, Hamilton House, Mabledon Place, Bloomsbury, London WC1H 9BB, UK.

Type and length of contributions

The major part of the journal is taken up by papers between 4,000 and 8,000 words long. These should be analytical and evaluative in approach and not simply descriptive. Other contributions include opinion or 'viewpoint' pieces (1,500-3,000 words); case studies of specific ventures or programmes (1,500-3,000 words); brief factual summaries of reports, agency programmes, educational institutions, etc (1,000-2,000 words); and letters to the editors.


Submissions should be double-spaced. They can be sent either by e-mail to the editor or by post (in which case one hard copy and a disk or CD should be enclosed). Papers should preferably be sent in Word (please note that PDF versions are not acceptable for review purposes). The title page should contain full names of the authors, their professional status or affiliation and the address to which they wish correspondence to be sent. There should be an abstract of about 100 words at the beginning of the paper. The text should be organized under appropriate cross-headings and where possible these should not be more than 800 words apart.

Between 3 and 6 keywords should appear below the abstract, highlighting the main topics of the paper.

References should follow the Harvard system. That is, they should be shown within the text as the author's surname (or authors' surnames) followed by a comma and the year of publication, all in round brackets: for example, (Smith, 1998). For textual citations, where there are two authors please use the word 'and', not the ampersand (thus: '(Smith and Jones, 2012)'. Where there are more than two authors, please use the first-named author only, followed by 'et al' in italics (thus: Smith et al, 2012). At the end of the article a bibliographical list should be supplied, organized alphabetically by author (surnames followed by initials - all authors should be named). Bibliographic information should be given in the order indicated by the following examples:

Articles: Woollard, D. (2010), ‘Towards a theory of university entrepreneurship’, Industry and Higher Education, Vol 24, No 6, pp 413–427.

Books: Viale, R., and Etzkowitz, H., eds (2010), The Capitalization of Knowledge, Edward Elgar, Cheltenham.

Notes should be numbered consecutively in the text and typed in plain text at the end of the paper (not as footnotes on text pages).

Figures and tables should be presented separately on separate sheets at the end of the text. Each figure or table must be referred to in the text - the first reference will be used to locate the figure or table in the final printed version.

Prior Publication

Articles are received on the understanding that they are original contributions, and have not been published officially, either in print or electronic form, or submitted for publication elsewhere. In this respect, ‘discussion’ or ‘working’ papers, conference presentations and proceedings are not considered to be official publications, unless they have been formally deemed so by conference organizers, or presented as edited works through recognized publishing channels. If in doubt, authors are asked to draw the attention of the Editor to any prior dissemination of the paper in their letter of submission. Please note that articles should not be posted on personal Websites or social networking sites before or after submission.


Other than research notes, reports, and personal opinion pieces, articles will be refereed. Papers by authors who are not academics (eg submissions from industry) will also be subject to review before acceptance, but their distinct nature and aims will be fully taken into account.


Wherever possible, authors are asked to assign copyright to IP Publishing Ltd. Relevant authors' rights are protected.

Author Checklist for Final versions

Editorial Board

Editor: John Edmondson, IP Publishing Ltd, 4th Floor, Hamilton House, Mabledon Place, Bloomsbury, London WC1H 9BB, UK. E-mail: Jedmondson(a)ippublishing.com.

Editorial Advisory Board

  • Special Adviser: Professor John Kelly, University College Dublin, Ireland
  • David E. Allnutt
    Cartesian, USA
  • Professor Graham Beaver
    Warwick Business School, UK
  • Richard A. Bendis
    Innovation America, USA
  • Professor Bruce Calway
    Swinburne University of Technology, Australia
  • Professor Elias Carayannis
    George Washington University, USA
  • Dr Mike Clements
    Staffordshire University, UK
  • Professor Manlio Del Giudice
    Second University of Naples, Italy
  • Dr E.J. Duff
    Innovation Management Consultant, UK
  • Professor D.J. Edwards
    Birmingham City University, UK
  • Professor Henry Etzkowitz
    International Triple Helix Institute, Palo Alto, CA, USA
  • Dr Brian K. Fitzgerald
    Business-Higher Education Forum, USA
  • Professor Piero Formica
    National University of Ireland
  • Dr Pat Frain
    University College Dublin, Ireland
  • Dr Thomas Gering
    Intellectual Asset Management Corp., USA
  • Dr Christiane Gebhardt
    Malik Management Institute, Switzerland
  • Keith Gilchrist
    GlaxoSmithKline Inc, Canada
  • Professor Aaron W. Hughey
    Western Kentucky University, USA
  • Dr Denise Jackson
    Edith Cowan University, Australia
  • Professor Ron Johnston
    University of Sydney, Australia
  • Professor Okyay Kaynak
    Bogaziçi University, Turkey
  • Dr John Kirkland
    Association of Commonwealth Universities, UK
  • Dr Glenda Kruss
    Human Sciences Research Council, South Africa
  • Professor Loet Leydesdorff
    University of Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Professor Michael J. Lynskey,
    Komazawa University, Japan
  • Professor Harry Matlay
    Global Independent Research, UK
  • Professor Gerard McElwee
    University of Huddersfield, UK
  • Professor Jay Mitra
    University of Essex, UK
  • Professor Hiromitsu Muta
    International Development Center, Japan
  • Professor George M. Papadourakis
    Technological Institute of Crete, Greece
  • Professor Andy Penaluna
    University of Wales Trinity St David, UK
  • Professor David Rae
    Cape Breton University, Canada
  • Dr Marina Ranga
    Stanford University, USA
  • Dr E. H. Robson
    Oxford, UK
  • Dr Robert Ronstadt
    former Vice President of Technology Commercialization,
    Boston University, USA
  • Professor Howard Rush
    University of Brighton, UK
  • Professor Peter van der Sijde
    Free University Amsterdam, The Netherlands
  • Dr Paul J. Smith
    University of Sunderland, UK
  • Dr Emanuela Todeva
    University of Surrey, UK
  • Professor Urmas Varblane
    University of Tartu, Estonia
  • Professor Hebe Vessuri
    Instituto Venezolano de Investigaciones Cientificas, Venezuela
  • Dr Mary Lindenstein Walshok
    University of California at San Diego
  • Professor Andrew Webster
    University of York, UK

February 2015 ISSUE (VOL 29, NO 1)

SPECIAL ISSUE: Building inter-organizational synergies in the regional Triple Helix
Guest Editors: Paul Benneworth, Helen Lawton Smith and Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen

5 Introduction

11 Beyond ‘town and gown’: the role of the university in small and medium- sized cities

Michela Lazzeroni and Andrea Piccaluga

25 Regional synergies in Triple Helix regions: the case of local economic development policies in Oxfordshire, UK

Helen Lawton Smith and Rupert Waters

37 University–industry collaboration in a Triple Helix setting on a US medical campus

Chang Ho Lee, Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen and Jessie Poon

51 Regional Triple Helix and the contextualization of regional policy: a comparative analysis of three regions in Japan

Kazuhiro Nozawa

65 Success factors in cluster initiative management: mapping out the ‘big five’

Magnus Klofsten, Dzamila Bienkowska, Inessa Laur and Ingela Sölvell

78 Calendar

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Title: Beyond ‘town and gown’: the role of the university in small and medium-sized cities

Author(s): Michela Lazzeroni and Andrea Piccaluga

Abstract: In recent years, universities have become more active in performing new activities that have been added to those regarded as ‘traditional’. This trend has led to a number of changes, among which is a transformation of the status of universities in urban and regional contexts and, in particular, an increase in their impact on the development of medium-sized university cities. From a methodological point of view the contribution of universities to urban development can be analysed from three different perspectives: knowledge and economic; relational; and cultural. Starting from these points of view, this paper analyses three cases of European medium-sized university cities (Oxford, Leuven and Pisa), in which the presence of one or more universities represents an important asset not only for the construction and evolution of knowledge spaces but also for urban development as a whole, by leaving tangible and intangible ‘traces’, reinforcing the relationship between academia and local community and contributing to the identity of knowledge cities.

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Title: Regional synergies in Triple Helix regions: the case of local economic development policies in Oxfordshire, UK

Author(s): Helen Lawton Smith and Rupert Waters

Abstract: This paper examines the role of universities in delivering regional/local policy and the extent to which they help formulate that policy. It explores the incentives for universities to act. Two examples are the availability of government funding designed to foster university–industry interaction and the existence of specific local agenda that are of mutual interest to both universities and local policy makers. The paper also highlights the converse – policy might follow from the observed actions of the impact of universities’ excellence (for example, the formation of university spin-offs). The authors consider how both translate into active involvement in local policy making using the case of the Oxfordshire high-tech economy. Oxfordshire is an important high-tech economy dominated by one of the world’s leading research universities.

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Title: University–industry collaboration in a Triple Helix setting on a US medical campus

Author(s): Chang Ho Lee, Sharmistha Bagchi-Sen and Jessie Poon

Abstract: The Triple Helix framework focuses attention on institutional interactions within innovation systems. In particular, it is important to understand the nature of university–industry interactions such as the translation of university expertise to clinically and commercially viable innovations. This paper examines university and industry collaboration practices in the context of the innovative, entrepreneurial and translational research environment at the Buffalo Niagara Medical Campus (BNMC) and at the University at Buffalo–State University of New York. The findings highlight the importance of funding opportunities and networks. Collaboration predominantly assumes the form of consultancy, contract research and joint research. The benefits of consulting and contract research are increased knowledge production through publications, grant applications and patenting activities among BNMC scientists. Collaboration with industry through joint research is more likely to lead to entrepreneurial outcomes than any other effort to engage industry.

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Title: Regional Triple Helix and the contextualization of regional policy: a comparative analysis of three regions in Japan

Author(s): Kazuhiro Nozawa

Abstract: A system of university–industry–government (UIG) collaboration in a region can take the form of a Regional Triple Helix (RTH) model. RTH can be regarded as the collective relations of universities, companies and governments. The study was conducted by postal survey, targeting the collaborative activities of companies and examining the case of three selected regions in Japan. When the Triple Helix approach is adopted at regional level, territoriality becomes a critical issue. The more companies that accumulate experience of UIG collaboration, the greater is their ability to exploit external knowledge. Consequently, the RTH structure may become increasingly vulnerable as it evolves. Even though the three regions studied displayed similar local infrastructures, their RTHs differed. To understand the features of RTH clearly, it is argued that regional conditions must be investigated in more detail and thus that RTH, as a regional policy, must be contextualized.

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Title: Success factors in cluster initiative management: mapping out the ‘big five’

Author(s): Magnus Klofsten, Dzamila Bienkowska, Inessa Laur and Ingela Sölvell

Abstract: Cluster development is prioritized in policy programmes as a means to facilitate regional growth and job creation. Triple Helix actors are often involved in so-called cluster initiatives – intermediary organizations having the objective of the development of a local or regional cluster. This paper maps out the ‘big five’ qualitative success factors in cluster initiative management: the idea; driving forces and commitment; activities; critical mass; and organization. The proposed framework enables the assessment of performance and sustainability over time, useful for both everyday management operations and policy programmes designed to support cluster initiatives.

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